Cashmere yarn: what is it?
Cashmere is a wool, the most valuable and probably the best known. Famous above all for its softness far superior to all the other wools. Technically, in reality, it is the superior fineness that makes it recognizable and appreciated for its lightness and its ability to keep warm even in situations of intense cold.
The fineness of the wools is measured in microns (1 micron = 1 thousandth of a millimeter) and cashmere wools generally range from 14 to 15 microns, therefore from 5 to 10 times thinner than a human hair, and in any case much thinner than normal wools of excellent quality which generally have a micronage equal to or greater than 24.
The difference with all the wools, even those of quality, is however at the origin: in fact cashmere is obtained by combing the animal and not by shearing (cutting the hair) as for all other wools.
The combing takes place in spring, when a particular type of goats of the "Hircus" species, due to the rise in temperatures, change moult. This species of goats produces two coats to defend itself from the harsh winter temperatures: a rough and thick upper fleece, called giarre and a lower fleece, the soft, soft duvet made of a thick layer of fibers.
Cashmere wool is obtained by combing the lower fleece: the DUVET.
Each goat supplies a maximum of 180 to 400 grams of wool per year.
The area of Inner Mongolia (China) and External Mongolia (Mongolia) are the areas of production of the highest quality of cashmere. And from this area, whose climatic conditions are extremely rigid, comes the cashmere used by us.
Tibet is also a good producer while Iran and Afghanistan are also producers but of lower quality.
The best transformers of this raw material, namely cashmere, are historically Scotland and Italy. In fact, once the raw material has been extracted from the goat, what is formed are the so-called cashmere bales, exactly like the bales of wool, formed by elements called Tops.
Tops are wool flakes, which are formed when the goat is combed to extract cashmere. Every year and periodically auctions of this precious material take place for the worldwide supply of the raw material.
The quality of the Tops varies by hair fineness, length, and color.
The finest colors are light, white White and extra White are the most valuable and expensive. They allow light dyes and extremely bright colors.
Making cashmere yarns and fabrics is precisely the transformation process in which the most specialized industries commit themselves using the best collection tops in the further four production phases: sorting and washing, dehairing, spinning and weaving.
Therefore, the type of material, as it was dyed and how it was treated, make the difference between one product and another of cashmere and between the various very different prices on the market.
Short and dark fibers will give rise to less expensive products than those made with long light and thin fibers.
The type of washing suffered by the material is another element of discrimination. A more bristly material with short fibers, it will need more treatments to make it softer, and it may look extremely soft to the touch, but have less pilling resistance in return. Moreover, the length and fineness of the fiber as well as the dyeing and weaving are the elements that make the difference!
Of course, on the market you can find expensive cashmere not because it is the synthesis of all the excellences but only because they are branded. Just as you can find expensive cashmere from brands that are not famous but a synthesis of excellence. Low-priced Cashmere is never a good cashmere and sometimes it may originate from shear and not combing or worse still regenerated from destroyed and compacted fabrics.
No one can afford to give an excellent cashmere.
PARRAMATTA guarantees the originality and exclusivity of its productions by using the best cashmere of grade "A" with a timeless style and "time less" for both men and women. An originality and quality measured with a price that is always accessible.