Camel-hair yarn: what is it?
Camel's wool is one of the most valuable, though little known and known.
The beneficial characteristics of camel wool have been known since ancient times. In the past, in fact, it was used by most classrooms to alleviate the pain caused by arthritis, rheumatism and neuralgia.
Camel hair is softer and more enveloping than virgin wool. It absorbs more moisture and is cooler in summer and warmer in winter.
Today this natural fiber is compared to the finest natural wools and is used as a luxury material for the creation of exclusive garments for men or women, such as jackets and blazers, skirts, socks, sweaters, gloves, scarves, stoles and others clothing.
It is an animal fiber obtained from camel. The one we use is the most sought-after textile fiber that is collected from Bactrian type camels. Such camels have protective outer layers of raw fiber that can grow up to 15 inches (40 cm). The thin and shorter fiber of the insulating undercoat, 1.5-5 inches long (4-13 cm), is the product generally called camel hair or camel hair wool.
The Bactrian camel lives in the desert and steppe areas of central Asia, between Anatolia and Mongolia. The scientific name ("Bactrianus") was given to him by Carl von Linné in 1758 because he considered it a native of Bactria, a region between Afghanistan and Uzbekistan.
Do not tense yourself, comb your hair!
Wool is made from camels by combing the animal between the end of spring and the beginning of summer, that is to say in the period in which it naturally loses its coat. Contrary to popular belief, the animal is not clipped.
The hairs that fall are strictly hand-picked, according to tradition.
Each camel supplies about 7/900 grams of product in a year, something, together with the wildness of the animal, contributes to making this type of wool rare and very expensive.
Camel hair production requires several phases:
- collection by combing the animal;
- sorting which involves removing the coarsest hair by hand, and washing to remove dirt and any other substance piled up during the collection process.
- division and separation based on certain characteristics;
- the washing;
- the de-garing which allows, instead, to eliminate the vegetable substances, the coarsest hairs and prepare the fiber for spinning and weaving or knitting.
- weaving or knitting.
The hair naturally expelled from the animals is only collected, selected and processed in an organic way, remaining absolutely in its natural state.
Camel wool has thermal qualities superior to those of sheep's wool; it is elastic and very breathable, it also has a great capacity to absorb body moisture. It is light and soft and helps keep body temperature constant. It helps against overheating and is hypoallergenic.
The thermostatic properties of its hair allow the camel to protect itself from the cold, from snowstorms in the high mountains and from the arid desert heat. The camels, in fact, live in desert or mountain areas remaining exposed to great changes in temperature. For this reason their hair has excellent thermoregulating qualities both for heat and cold.
It is also water repellent, an absolutely natural quality that characterizes it differentiating it from all other animal fibers.